Share on Facebook

History

?????? ?? ??????????? Ivaylovgrad is located in the peripheral sections of the East Rhodopes, along the middle stream of the river Arda and its tributaries Byala and Luda rivers.
The first mentions of the nowadays Ivaylovgrad are from IX-X century A.D. These are eparchy lists from the rule of Emperor Leo VI (886-912) and Patriarch Nicholas the Mystic. They mention the metropolitan settlement Lyutitsa. In the Middle Ages, on the grounds of the village of Ladzha (now an area of the town), there was the fortress Lititsa (Lyutitsa). The town was destroyed during the entering of the Ottoman Turks into the Balkans.
The Ivaylovgrad Municipality is located in the most South-Eastern part of the Rhodopes. To the East and South, its boundaries are with the Republic of Greece, and its neighbours to the North and West are the municipalities Lyubimets, Madzharovo, and Krumovgrad. The climate of the area is transitive-Mediterranean. The municipalitys area is 820 sq. m. The elevation varies between 70 and 700 m above the sea. The relief of the area has a well-defined low-ridge and valley structure. The favourable soils and climate of the region are integral for the fame of the town in winemaking. Ivayovgrad is the only town in Bulgaria from which, walking due North, one can reach the Republic of Greece.

????????? ????? ????????, ?? ?? ?? ???????!
????????? ????? ????????, ?? ?? ?? ???????!
????????? ????? ????????, ?? ?? ?? ???????!
????????? ????? ????????, ?? ?? ?? ???????!
????????? ????? ????????, ?? ?? ?? ???????!
????????? ????? ????????, ?? ?? ?? ???????!

The antique Roman villa Armira, Villa Armira by Ivaylovgrad

???? ?????? ???? ???????????

Near the town of Ivaylovgrad, one can find the unique antique roman Villa Armira. In 1964, during the construction of a dam lake 1.5 km to the south-west from the quarters Ladzha of Ivaylovgrad, the builders ran into the traces of antique buildings by chance. The subsequent archaeological digs uncovered the remains of a rural villa from the period of the Roman rule in our lands. It became popular under the name of Villa Armira, taking the name of a small rivulet, tributary to the river Arda, on the bank of which the villa was built.

The antique Villa Armira consists of an impressive complex of residence and agricultural buildings, spread over an area of 2200 sq. m.

Its residential part, taking up the area of 978 sq. m embraces a large inside yard, circled by a covered gallery with colonnade (peristyle) and having a pool (impluvium) in the middle. The antique Villa Armira consists of an impressive complex of residence and agricultural buildings, spread over an area of 2200 sq. m. Its residential part, taking up the area of 978 sq. m embraces a large inside yard, circled by a covered gallery with colonnade (peristyle) and having a pool (impluvium) in the middle. Around it are the living premises - dining room, living room, kitchen, bedroom, bathroom, etc. The heating was done via a hypocaust (under-floor heating, where the rooms floor is raised on columns of mortared bricks or ceramic pipes, around which warm air circulates from fireplaces specially constructed for that purpose). .

During the digs, well-preserved mosaics with figural and geometric motifs, capitals, lattice railings, herms, profiled fragments of columns, pilasters, railings, and marble facings were uncovered. They also found many ceramic vessels, jewellery, and daily life objects. The villa is a gorgeous estate, the premises of which are graced by not only mosaic floors, but also rich marble decoration and colour plaster. In this respect, it is beyond argument the most luxurious among all hereto known to us similar complexes on the territory of Roman Thrace. Buildings with such rich decoration are rarely found in the provinces of the Roman Empire. It is of particular note that the degree of preservation of the decorative elements allows a practically complete restoration of the buildings interior.

Due to negative elevation of the terrain, the agricultural complex adjacent to the villa has been preserved significantly less well. Its purpose was to ensure the use of the lands, the storage and processing of agricultural produce, of the inventory, etc. There is no specific data about the characteristics of the developed agricultural activity. The villa was inhabited until the third quarter of the IV century A.D. Its destruction is connected with the great ravaging of the area around Adrianopolis in 378, when the Roman army under the command of Valens was devastated by the Goths, and the emperor himself was wounded and carried away by his soldiers to a villa near the battlefield. Later, the Goths found the refuge of the wounded Roman emperor, conquered and burned the villa and killed the emperor himself. It is highly probable that said events happened at this very place.

Near to Villa Armira, on the grounds of the village of Svirachi, there is also an antique burial mound, piled on top of a stone base. The period of the use of the mound and the equipment in it are dated within the range of the Roman epoch (I-V century), and more precisely to the early period of the ruling of Emperor Trajan. It is probable that the mound was used as a family necropolis of the owners of Villa Armira. The burial mound is about 16 m high. The mound is placed on top of a massive stone construction around 200 m long, circling the mound at its base. The construction is a unique specimen and without its peer on the territory of Bulgaria. On top of the complex stylobate (base) constructed from stone and mortar, a stone facing is installed. The entire construction was worked from a preliminary architectural plan. The facing blocks are with length of up to 3.70 m and each of them is longitudinally cut at the out end. They are arranged like steps in ten rows. The connection between them is of massive iron braces, welded with lead. The mound consists of united smaller mounds, and the soil for them is excavated from the nearby area. Inside the mound, pre-historical materials were also found, probably taken from the near settlement.

The Dam

????????? ????? ????????, ?? ?? ?? ???????!
????????? ????? ????????, ?? ?? ?? ???????!
????????? ????? ????????, ?? ?? ?? ???????!
????????? ????? ????????, ?? ?? ?? ???????!
????????? ????? ????????, ?? ?? ?? ???????!
????????? ????? ????????, ?? ?? ?? ???????!

Ivaylovgrad municipality is an ecologically clean region. There are no great industrial installations to pollute the environment. On the municipalitys grounds, there is the dam lake Ivaylovgrad, with 14 km shoreline, which would facilitate eco- and water tourism.

The third dam lake from the water-electric cascade Arda along the river Arda was built in 1964 and is one of the most picturesque in Bulgaria. The shoreline of the dam lake Ivaylovgrad is covered in greenery and has a great potential for the development of tourism and water sports (yearly, in the early June, here is the final of the National canoe-kayak regatta). At this time, in the area around the dam lake on the territory of the municipality, there is no adequate touristic infrastructure built (the few constructed vacation houses directly under the dam wall are either with restricted outside access or majorly worn down and non-functional), but it is an attraction for the nature-lovers. When the fishing season opens on June 15, the most accessible locations around the dam lake turn into small camping sites in the summer.

In the rivers waters, one can fish for catfish, carp, zander, bass, gray mullet, rudd, Danube Bleak, and other sweet water fish kinds. The areas Marta and Tsimbala along the southern bank are the most attractive locations of the type of mini-resort zones with single-house buildings and special picnic sites. They are the starting points for organizing scenic boat tours, attraction fishing (fishing rods rented), and fish picnics (stone slate fish, carp filled with walnuts).

The Ivaylovgrad dam lake is among the most beautiful in Bulgaria. The high shores have kept the charm of nature untouched by man. .